Water inhabitants        23 ноября 2018        681         0

Chlamydoselachus anguineus. Lifestyle and habitat of the fringed shark

Undoubtedly, every person, at least once in his life, dreamed of inventing a time machine and visiting the distant past or plunging into the world of the future.


And those who are very interested in everything connected with the animal world with great joy, probably, plunged into the times of ancient history and looked at all natural phenomena, the animal and plant world even before the time when everything that existed was changed to such degrees like now.

Who knows, maybe dinosaurs we would be the least surprised. Indeed, in the underwater world there is no less interesting, exciting and unusual than on earth. One of these wonders is the underwater snake, which moves in the depths of the sea with its smooth, fascinating movements, involuntarily attracts the eye and leaves no one indifferent.

It is a pity that to see this is simply unrealistic. Although, if you get acquainted with the fringed shark, then there is every chance to encounter a prehistoric past. After all, she is the descendant of that amazing legendary sea serpent and for 95 million years of its existence has not changed.


She is in our time the lord of the sea and one of the most interesting fish . This is a living fossil, a relic because it has never evolved over many years, it remains the same as it was many, many years ago.

Peculiarities and habitat of the fringed shark

The fierce shark is one of the rarest species of fish , which is a deep-sea inhabitant and a prehistoric specimen. In another way it is also called corrugated. The fiery aul dwells to a greater extent at a solid depth, which ranges from 600 to 1000 meters. This snake-like shark managed to survive all the cataclysms of the distant past and to this day feel more than good.

Such a prosperous existence may have provided this fish to itself thanks to its deep-sea way of life. There are few enemies or rivals for her at a depth of 600 meters. The man’s first encounter with the colorful shark took place in 1880. German ichthyologist Ludwig Doderlein first saw this miracle in the waters washing Japan. He shared his descriptions and impressions of what he saw a wonderful shark .


But since these descriptions were more of a fictional narration than a scholarly few had taken seriously. The scientific article by Samuel Garman, who was also a famous ichthyologist, gave people every chance to believe in the existence of this fish . And only after that, the fiery shark began to be considered as a truly existing fish of a separate species.

Where did such strange and beautiful names of this amazing shark come from ? It’s simple. The friary called her, thanks to her remarkable and unusual placenta, which has a dark brown color and with all its appearance very much resembles a raincoat.

She is corrugated because she has a lot of folds on her whole long body. Scientists suggest that such folds are a kind of reserve for large prey to be placed in the stomach of a fish. After all, this fish has an amazing ability and swallows its prey in itself completely. Her teeth are very similar to needles, they are bent into the inside of her mouth and are not suitable for crushing or chewing food.


There are about 300 of them. But they have one great advantage, with their help the shark can ideally keep its victim in its mouth and prevent it from breaking free, even if the victim is very slippery.

The fierce shark has small sizes . Her female can grow up to two meters. Males are slightly smaller — 1.5-1.7 meters. In fish, an elongated body resembling an eel, with a broad and flat head.

In the photo of a fiery shark, her incomparable eyes attract the most attention. They are large, oval with an incredible emerald color. They mysteriously flicker only at great depths.

It is there that almost the whole life of a fringed shark passes. There are cases when this amazing fish rises to the surface of the water. This basically happens at night, at a time when the shark is getting food.

This prehistoric monster is most comfortable in the warm waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. That is where it can be found. She also met in the waters washing Brazil, Australia and New Zealand, Norway. The habitat of its habitat is not fully understood. It is likely that it can be found in the waters of the Arctic.


The liver helps its fish to stay at great depths, which, in addition to being too large, is filled with even more lipids, and these in turn help to keep the shark’s body in the deep water without problems.

Character and way of life of a fiery shark

This fish is quite a cunning creature. She is incredibly inventive, especially when it comes to hunting. In this case, the shark helps her centuries-old experience. In order to attract the prey to itself, the fish calmly and peacefully lies in the water, while its tail fin rests on the seabed.

As soon as a potential shark food appears close by, it makes a lightning bolt forward with its wide open mouth and fully swallows the victim, equal to half its length.

At the same time, her gills close, and a shark creates vacuum pressure, which draws food straight into her mouth. At the same time, the fish helps its fish to move its tail, thanks to which it accelerates like a snake.

Such movements completely refute the theory that a shark has a sedentary lifestyle. This fish has an open lateral line. This allows its receptors to quickly and at a great distance catch the approach of a living being.


Crested Shark Eating

Living preferably on the seabed, the fringed shark feeds on the inhabitants of those depths. Most often it consumes cephalopod mollusks , squids, ground bony fish and crustaceans. Sometimes you can pamper yourself with a small shark or slope .

Reproduction and longevity

Very little is known about how this fish breeds. But as at the depth at which the sharpened shark lives, external temperature fluctuations are not reflected in any way, then scientists have every reason to assume that the fierce shark breeds all year round.

Females do not have a placenta, but they are considered viviparous. The average number of eggs that she carries in her varies from 2 to 15 eggs. The pregnancy of the fringed shark is the longest of all vertebrates. Bears female eggs for 3.5 years.

For each month of pregnancy, her embryos grow by 1.5 cm and already 40-50 centimeters babies are born, which the female doesn’t care about at all. Live fierce sharks about 25 years.

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