Characteristics and habitat of a parrot Ara
Macaw parrot, also known as the Macau – beautiful large bird belonging to the family Fischer’s lovebird. The largest among other types of parrots that you can see in the photo, the prestigious for the price, very exotic, very beautiful and extremely smart. That’s about the talking bird will be discussed in the article.
Genus Ara consists of fifteen subspecies. The size and color of plumage varies depending on its type. So blue macaw attains a body length of 80-90 cm, wing length 38-40 cm, and weighs about one kilogram.
There is a species reaching one meter height, one of them is the hyacinth macaw. These birds have an unusual very durable high beak, curved at the tip and flattened on the sides.
Thanks to him, they produce their own food from under the hard shells of tropical fruits. Wings reach 50 cm and more. And the length of the tail can often exceed the length of the body of the Ares.
The intensity of the color of the feathers of young and adult individuals is virtually identical, and the same for the floor – to distinguish males from females in color very difficult.
A characteristic feature of all parrots of the genus Ara is the complete absence or the presence of small feathers near the eye area, creating wonderful patterns. These are the feathers react to the slightest change in the mood of the bird. This feature helps to identify sick if something parrot. Birds very quiet and in some ways quite serious.
Home of the macaws are tropical rainforests in Central and South America. Also, some species inhabit Eastern Panama, Peru, Brazil, Venezuela and Eastern regions of Chile. They say that these birds have no sense of smell, so staying in the top tier of forests on large branches, in order not to become prey to some predator.
Macau is not silent parrots, which have been a popular choice as a pet – they love to yell or even speak, if the bird home and lives next to the person to whom she can snap and be a true friend. A great memory of these birds can remember hundreds of words and to put them together in logical sentences, sing and even dance.
Red macaw the most music of all types, although the level of learning is highly unique to each individual. Better than all the other types fit the description «bird-talker». Sociable and can be very clearly heard to reproduce human speech.
These birds attached to his master, able to distinguish friend from foe. When rough against become aggressive and dangerous. Because of its rather big size home macaws is more suitable for an outdoor aviary at the zoo than any two bedroom apartment.
Macaw parrot has a monogamous vision, can use each eye independently of the other, while the browsing speed is around 150 frames per second, while in humans, only about 24.
Macaw parrot most expensive parrot in the world. This is considered a symbol of prestige and beauty. The price of this handsome very high. Depending on age, subspecies, and color level of adaptability to people and new places can reach 100 thousand roubles!
The character and the lifestyle of the macaw parrot
In natural conditions live in the pristine, untouched and dense tropical forests. Prefer areas near lakes and river reservoirs. Rarely you can meet in the highlands to subtropical latitudes.
They live in flocks up to 100 individuals, because of the mass of the pack Ar harmful to plantations of fruit trees. Prefer to live in hollows high above the ground. Couples are creating for years to come. In the event of death of a partner – they are not looking for a replacement and very sad.
For example, Blue-yellow macaws to feed far from the nest (20 km and more), departing early morning and returning home after sunset. In the afternoon they hide from the scorching sun in the shade of large tropical trees, but after a few hours of rest continue your journey. Live in the upper tiers at a height of 1-2 km above sea level. Some species, such as small soldiers Ara, live at altitude 3-4 km
Food macaw parrot
In the natural environment a parrot macaws feed on the trees and never descends to the ground. They are very demanding of their diet that consists of fruits, berries, vegetables, nuts, coconuts, greens, seeds and various grains and cereals such as corn, wheat, barley. Love peas and sunflower seeds.
Pets parrots of this species eat the special of the stern, consisting of a mixture of various natural food additives. In the cage or near the place in the house where it feeds the parrot must be Mel to Macau receives the necessary for the body calcium.
The reproduction and lifespan of a macaw parrot
How much are these wonderful macaws? Birds of this genus live in pairs or families, in rare cases, can create a whole population, numbering several thousand individuals. In the wild, macaws live much longer than in captivity. Their ages ranged from 40 to 70 years, there are also long-lived, Dating back nearly 100 years.
The mating behavior of birds of the genus Ara are not yet fully understood. Parrots start to breed on the third or fourth year of life and in the natural environment are faithful to their partner throughout life. The couple stands out: for example, they gently bow to each other, clean partner feathers and are always close, even during feeding.
«During the breeding season they fly in groups in search of the fruits of various palm trees» – wrote a famous ornithologist Alexander Wetmore in the records about their observations. Affection strengthens the Union parrots. Nest, as mentioned earlier, in hollows of tall trees. The mating season falls at different times for each species. Pairs hatching every year.
In the masonry, depending on the species from 1 to 6-7 eggs, which are incubated by female for a month (20-28 days). The young hatch completely naked and blind, the first feathers grow in 10 days, and fully fledge in two months. Then brood some time to be under the care of their parents, who feed them and warm in inclement weather.
Unfortunately, nowadays very common trade in «live goods», it is because of human activities, massive poaching catch of colourful parrots, every year the population of this species is becoming less. They are on the verge of extinction. Therefore, deciding to buy such parrots, treat him with warmth and love.