Borodino Machero. So the name of the ancestor of the Canary mastiff sounds. Its homeland is considered the island Tenerif. The first mentions of breed belong to the 50th years B.C. Native breed Borodino Machero died out. There was a descendant.
On the Canary Islands it was used for a cattle pasture. In Europe the mastiff trained for a new profession in the security guard and the friend of the family. There passed a kanarets and training in fights. They on islands were «imparted» by the colonists who populated the earth in the 17th century. In the 60th years of last century dog fights forbade.
Shepherd’s skills of mastiffs were already lost. Breed began to die out. The sad result managed to be avoided, intentionally restoring a look. In the 2001st it was recognized by FCI, having assigned to the 346th standard.
Description and features of the Canary mastiff
The Canary mastiff – moloss. So call large and massive dogs. On a photo the Canary mastiff plays relief muscles, shows strong frame. Pictures don’t transfer the size of dogs.
In life their height in withers reaches 66 centimeters. Mastiffs of 60-67 kilograms weigh. It concerns dogs. Weight a bough shouldn’t exceed 55 kilograms. Height in withers decreases to the 61st centimeter. Respectively, at representatives of the Canary breed sexual dimorphism is developed.
With stopped by ears a dog the Canary mastiff reminds the increased Staffordshire terrier or an amstaf. Associations are given rise by almost square outlines of a body, width of a bone and muscularity.
The muzzle is also a little extended, has a rectangular contour, transition from a forehead to a nose is expressed. Same powerful jaws and clever, tear-shaped eyes. However lips at a mastiff more friable, can droop. Respectively, the Canary molossa there is some slyunyava.
Bite of the Canary mastiffs often nozhnitseobrazny. The standard too allows direct statement of jaws. Directly, also extremities of dogs in parallel are each other put. Their shoulders are correctly inclined.
The back of dogs almost direct, terminates in a powerful tail. It is gradually narrowed by the end, without falling the skakatelnykh of joints of hind legs is lower.
Leaving and contents
The Canary mastiff has no underfur. It minimizes a problem of a seasonal molt. Wool from a large dog has more, than from a tiny English bulldog. On a color the awn of kanarets, by the way, happens black, pale-yellow, silvery, red.
However the main coloring is considered tiger. According to the FCI standard it is preferable.
Power of a dog demands physical trainings, long walks, active games. Without them breed the Canary mastiff is inconceivable. Without due physical activity of a muscle weaken. The skeleton remains without so-called corset. There can be problems with joints, develop rickets.
The mastiff needing trainings needs the owner able to give to the pet till some hours in day, or giving a scope on a farmer, personal plot.
Remembering the shepherd’s and combative past, kanarets watches the territory. The dog vigilantly watches people and animals on the entrusted ancestral lands. Having scented danger, the animal immediately changes from the cheerful partner in the terrible security guard.
To constrain its heat it is necessary to be able. Therefore puppies of the Canary mastiffs can be driven on training courses.
Trainings representatives of breed give in well. However don’t recommend to the beginning dog breeders of the Canary mastiff. At excessive softness it becomes to the place of the leader, operating the person.
At excessive rigidity in the address dogs refuse to submit, already protesting, angry. Already holding moloss, cynologists of guard dogs usually are able to maintain golden mean.
Molossa submit to one owner. If the dog gets to a family, elects the leader herself. On «shoulders» of the elect basic care for a dog lays down. He likes to bathe though owing to trouble-free wool and doesn’t need it. And here the mastiff needs prevention of diseases of joints.
The dog is completely formed by 2 years. The mastiff takes Massú by 7 months. One and a half years press weight on yet not created joints. If kanarets lives in the apartment, it is desirable to go by the elevator, or to lower a mastiff on hands.
Running on steps the dog gets microinjuries of joints. To jump on boulders and other roughnesses in the first 2 years of life too it is undesirable.
Food of the Canary mastiff
Being almost native breed, the Canary mastiff isn’t choosy in food. On islands of mastiffs fed, than it is necessary. Breed turned out strong, not allergichny. Therefore food suits molossa though dry, though natural, though the mixed.
Puppies of the Canary mastiff better perceive the mixed and natural forages. At least a half of a diet has to is the share of animal protein. Also the share of fermented milk products – about 30% is great. Large dogs need calcium for formation of bones.
The remained 20% of a diet fall on grain, vegetables, fruit. Instead of vitamin and mineral complexes stalks of a nettle and a dandelion will approach obdaty boiled water. In the homeland mastiffs got used to receive top dressing from vegetation.
All the year round yes dandelions can collect a nettle not all. From factory vitamin and mineral complexes «Tetravit» can be taken or «Trivit».
About 5 months of dogs feed 4 times a day. From half a year mastiffs eat three times per day. From one-year-old age kanarets can eat 2 times a day.
Molossam it is important to receive so much energy with food, how many spend. If the pet undereats, it is necessary to reduce portions. If the mastiff constantly begs, food it is worth giving more. The main thing to avoid some pasta, sweets and smoked products. These products are harmful to dogs, can cause not only obesity, but also pathologies of bodies of a gastrointestinal tract.
Possible diseases of the Canary mastiff
In the description of the Canary mastiff peculiar representatives of breed should give a place to diseases. Problems with joints it was mentioned. The main problem – a displaziya, that is the wrong development of fabrics. At kanarets the illness affects coxofemoral joints.
Owing to the sizes and a structure the Canary mastiffs are inclined and to a zavorot of guts. Therefore it is desirable to exclude the sharp movements and a systematic overeating of a dog. To fight against a displaziya by methods of prevention it is useless. Pathology hereditary. Therefore mastiffs with the diagnosis are moved away from cultivation, excepting transfer of genetic material.
At kanarets also eyes are problem. They are affected by a multifocal retinopathy. This inflammation of the eye mucous. In medicine they are called skler.
Price of the Canary mastiff
The price of the Canary mastiff depends on a class of a dog, her family tree. The puppy without documents can be got for 7 000-10 000 rubles. If parents of a mastiff have documents as it should be, cost begins from 20 000 rubles.
It is the price for puppies which parents have mediocre exhibition estimates. For boughs at least – «it is very good», and for a dog – is «excellent». Otherwise dogs aren’t allowed to cultivation.
If parents of a puppy of top-class, winners of the international and All-Russian exhibitions to get the pet to turn out at least for 40 000 rubles. The maximum price tag reaches to 90 000. Popularity of breed grows.
Therefore also the increase in prices for puppies is predicted. Their name, by the way, became a reason for the name of islands, from where breed is. From Latin canis it is transferred as «dog». Respectively, not the mastiff is called in honor of native lands, and on the contrary